|Around 700 years ago ........ the Aztec
peoples for some reason or other left their homes in Atzlan
... somewhere in North West Mexico.(1)
They came to the Valley of Mexico named Anahuac, (2) led by their chieftain Tenoch. They were a poor, ragged people
who ate rats, snakes, and stole food.
They were just too wild and nasty. So they were driven
from one place to another.
Then Tenoch had a vision ... Huitzilopochtli told him
to lead his people to a swampy island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. He was told to
look for an eagle perched on a cactus, growing from a rock or cave surrounded by water.
They were to build their city there and thank Huitzilopochtli for his
brilliant idea with human sacrifices. The city they built was called Tenochtitlán, the
city of Tenoch in around 1325.
It was very hard to build Tenochtitlan because the
Aztecs only had a small piece of land in the surrounding marshes.
The Aztecs made the swampy, shallow lake into chinampas. They made islands by piling up mud from the lake
bottom. They used them as their city foundations. To start with they built a few thatched,
mud huts, and some small temples.
Then they built causeways and bridges to connect the
city to the mainland. They dug canals and lined them with stone so that people could move
|By 1376, the city was growing
quickly ... they built larger and larger temples ... people came from miles around to live
in their city ... Tenochtitlan.
a man called Acamapichtli as their first emperor. He ruled until 1395.
The city and the Aztecs were all powerful... an EMPIRE.
By 1519 there were about 60,000 people in the city